Aspergers Syndrome - is a form of autism where the individual finds it difficult to communicate, understand how others feel, meet new people and tell others how he/she feels.
Dyslexia - comes from Greek and means difficulty with words, it is a specific learning difficulty in one or more areas in reading, writing or numeracy. It used to be known as word blindness.
Dyscalculia - comes from a combination of Greek and Latin and means "counting badly", it is a specific learning difficulty associated with numeracy and mathematics.
Dyspraxia - comes from Greek and means difficulty with the control of movement.
AD(H)D - Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. A person with AD(H)D can have difficulty in concentrating, is easily distracted and is hyperactive.